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Benefits of Indoor Farming Nowadays, indoor farming is being adopted by most people as they practice vertical farming techniques. Vertical or indoor farming tends to provide solutions for those people facing food problems especially with the increasing population. One of the main techniques used in this kind of farming is hydroponics. The medium used in this farming technique is soil-less and it contains sufficient minerals to ensure proper feeding of plants and watering. Indoor farming utilizes artificial lighting in order to provide light for the plants for photosynthesis. Harvesting of crops grown through indoor farming are harvested all-round the year. Indoor farming allows crops to grown even during drought and flooding seasons as they are safe from such conditions. Another advantage of indoor farming is that crops are not exposed to pests and diseases. Post-harvest spoilage of crops can thus be avoided at all costs. The crops here are not exposed to any pests hence one doesn’t need to use chemicals such as pesticides. Vertical farming is carried out in used warehouses, shipping containers or skyscrapers. Fertigation, light control as well as environmental control is utilized in these facilities. Greenhouses usually use almost similar techniques to grow crops as those used in indoor or vertical farming. With vertical farming, one can be able to enjoy reliable harvests all-round the year. Reliable and consistent farming techniques are usually used in vertical farming which is very beneficial as this way, commercial growers can stick to supply contracts and delivery schedules. There are no seasonal crops in this farming technique as well as crop losses. Environmental factors such as diseases or pests are also eliminated in vertical farming. Unlike greenhouses, vertical farm systems produce nearly ten times more growing area for crops. Due to this reason, cost-effective farming installations are used in under-utilized environments such as warehouses, industrial estates and other environments.
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Vertical farming provides many crop rotations as compared to regular farms and other farming practices. Controlled temperature, humidity and light enhances crop cycles to be faster. Basil, kale, spinach, lettuce, endives among others are types of crops that can be produced through vertical farming. Advanced technology methods are integrated into this farming technique in order to control the amount of air, water and nutrition for plants. Optimum conditions that are required for growth of crops and their maturity are thus provided.
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LED lighting uses up less power to ensure maximum plant growth hence vertical farming incurs minimum overhead costs. The only time manual labor is required is during harvesting, packaging of crops as well as planting hence minimal labor is utilized in vertical farming.